Ігор Мізрах: «Робот Софія за людяність!»

Сучасний світ змінюється з шаленою швидкістю. Щодня розробники винаходять нові технологічні можливості, начебто удосконалюючи світ. Але чи все новітнє є безумовних благом?

Нещодавно останнє «слово» техніки опинилося і на території України. У Києві презентували робота-людину на ім’я Софія, який вважається на сьогоднішній день найрозумнішим роботом в світі. Україна стала першою країною в світі, куди робот Софія здійснила свій перший офіційний візит. Знайомство з роботом відбулося за участю директора та фінансового директора компанії Hanson Robotics, засновника інвестиційної групи AngelVest Девіда Чена і представника AngelVest в Україні Марка Гінзбурга.

Робот Софія дуже схожий на людину і має елементи штучного інтелекту, але все ще потребує у стадії постійних поліпшень.

У свою чергу, Гінзбург повідомив, що Софія вже має 72 різні вирази обличчя або емоції. За його словами, до кінця року розробники планують розвинути технологію, щоб емоцій було 118. Також Софія на презентації відповідала на запитання журналістів. Якщо порівнювати її різні відповіді, може скластися враження, що відповіді суперечать озвученим нею позиціях. Зокрема, на запитання про те, хто, на її думку, стане наступним президентом України на виборах 2019 року, Софія відповіла, що не дуже розбирається в політиці. “Я не знаю багато про політику, я перепрошую”, – сказала Софія.

Детальніше про Софію

Людиноподібний робот Софія був розроблений гонконгською компанією Hanson Robotics і активований 19 квітня 2015 року. Робот змодельований за образом відомої акторки Одрі Хепберн, володіє штучним інтелектом і здатний розпізнавати обличчя.

Софія вміє адаптуватися до поведінки людей, імітувати людські жести, тощо. Особливість – вміння відповідати на певні питання і проводити нескладні бесіди.

Робот використовує технологію розпізнавання мови від Alphabet (материнської компанії Google) і вдосконалюється з часом, стаючи розумнішим. Програмне забезпечення штучного інтелекту Софії розроблено компанією Singularity NET. Воно аналізує проведені розмови і на підставі нових даних покращує відповіді в майбутньому.

Спроектували Софію для того, щоб робот став хорошим помічником в будинках для людей похилого віку або міг допомагати людям на великих заходах або в парках. Творець робота сподівається, що в результаті Софія зможе повноцінно взаємодіяти з іншими людьми і отримати соціальні навички.

Інша думка

Софія виступає з лекціями і дає інтерв’ю, проте її відповіді часто бувають несподіваними. Під час інтерв’ю в березні 2016 року на питання “Чи будеш ти вбивати людей?” Софія дала позитивну відповідь. У квітні 2017, виступаючи на американському телебаченні, вона заявила про бажання захопити світ, але потім сказала, що це жарт.

Софія хоче мати сім’ю і планує назвати дочку в свою честь. Також вона вважає, що у роботів має бути більше прав, ніж у людей, тому що у них менше ментальних проблем.

Це перший в світі робот, який має громадянство – 25 жовтень 2017 року на саміті “Інвестиційна ініціатива майбутнього” в Ер-Ріяді їй дали громадянство Саудівської Аравії.

Багато хто критикував робота Софію. Наприклад, глава лабораторії штучного інтелекту Facebook Ян Лекун заявляв: “Це має таке ж відношення до штучного інтелекту, як фокуси до магії”. Журналісти відзначали, що Софія просто дає запрограмовані репліки на заздалегідь заготовлені питання, а керує нею оператор. Критики кажуть, що Софія – просто лялька, а не справжній штучний інтелект.

Конкурс

Робот Софія була присутня на Всеукраїнському конкурсі ідей і стартапів: штучний інтелект та робототехніка.

На фінальному етапі конкурсу були оголошені 3 переможця.

«Я беру участь у багатьох подібних заходах. Що стосується цього конкурсу я дуже задоволений професійним рівнем презентацій. Але, для мене, як для інвестора, важливі ідея та реалізація її в майбутньому, з урахуванням світових розвитків. І, крім того, важливим є питання, яким чином я буду вкладати гроші в будь-який з проектів. Ми надаємо сертифікати усім учасникам фіналу, яких було більше 400. На другому етапі було 118, далі залишилися 12, а після вже ми сьогодні вибрали 3 переможців »- розповів директор і фінансовий директор Hanson Robotics, засновник AngelVest Девід Чен.

Під час презентації кожного з стартапів інвестори ставили питання, уважно вивчаючи презентації кожного з фіналістів.

Були представлені стартапи з різних напрямів, які стосувалися всіх сфер життя від розвитку і вдосконалення комп’ютерних програм до медичних товарів, таких як комп’ютеризовані протези.

«Високий рівень презентації дуже порадував і вже навіть ми прийняли рішення зробити битви стартапів регулярними. Багато телеканалів готові включати цю програму в свою сітку. Тепер щодо світових тенденцій. Сьогодні в кремнієвій долині існує думка, що ця ідея вже нічого не варта. Раніше носії ідей були начеб то за сімома замками. Сьогодні в кремнієвій долині отримують по 1000 ідей в день. Тому вже голі ідеї не цікаві »- представник AngelVest в Україні, венчурний інвестор, лідер громадської думки і TEDх спікер у сфері блокчейн-економіки Марк Гінзбург.

Кожен з фіналістів, окрім того, що відповідали на запитання потенційних інвесторів і присутніх гостей, представників засобів масової інформації, уважно слухали і спілкувалися з Софією.

Вона, в процесі презентацій, аналізувала сказане і, при формуванні питання не тільки питала і уточнювала деякі нюанси для себе, а й проводила порівняльний аналіз.

Головне, що при виникненні теми робота і людини, Софія завжди акцентувала увагу на тому, що людські емоції неможливо передати ніякими механізмами. І сьогодні за часів комп’ютеризації та роботизації необхідно пам’ятати про людяність і людей !!

«Дуже приємно усвідомлювати, що українські стартапи презентують себе на такому високому рівні світу. У всіх команд презентації збудовані від 0 до прорахунку одержуваного прибутку на кілька років вперед, що, безумовно, дає можливість інвесторам прорахувати необхідність вкладення своїх фінансів. Потенціал України величезний, головне, що цей потенціал повинен розвиватися і держава повинна підтримувати талановитих стартаперів, щоб знову не опинився цей шлях початком нового шляху витоку вже нових просунутих умів за кордон! »- підкреслив економіст, політтехнолог, засновник медіа компанії Ігор Мізрах.

Ігор Мізрах спеціально для журналу РЕЙТИНГ

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